Bibliography

Below find links to selected works useful in interrogation.

9/11 Commission Report – Executive Summary
US Army HIC Guide
The Story of Hans Joachim Scharff, Master Interrogator of the Luftwaffe
Interrogation: Word War II, Vietnam, And Iraq
Essentials of The Reid Technique: Criminal Interrogation and Confessions
Advanced Interviewing Techniques: Proven Strategies for Law Enforcement, Military, and Security Personnel
The Hidden Brain: How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives
What The Dog Saw: And Other Adventures
How To Break A Terrorist
Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History
Simple Gestures: A Cultural Journey into the Middle East
Radical: My Journey Out Of Islamic Extremism
Cuba: Behind The Embargo
Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea
A History of Nigeria
Inside the Third Reich
Stay the Hand of Vengence
Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
Prisoners of Geography: Ten Maps That Explain Everything About the World

 

9-11 Commission Executive Summary

This document summarizes what the American leaders regarded to be the reasoning behind Al Qaeda’s attacks on 9/11 and how our security apparatus should have been amended to reduce the threat of additional attacks. Security personnel and government planners might find this summary as well as the longer, more detailed report, beneficial.

 


 

US Army Human Intelligence Collectors Guide

The techniques in this guide are approved by the United States Government for military personnel to use in interrogation.

FM 2-22.3

 


 

The Story of Hans Joachim Scharff, Master Interrogator of the Luftwaffe
Raymond Toliver

Lance Corporal Hanns Joachim Scharff, a fluent English speaker, quickly rose from conscripted private to chief interrogator for the German Luftwaffe. This book outlines why: Scharff did his background research, knew his requirements, and knew that humane treatment was not only the right thing to do but also yielded more accurate intelligence than harsh methods. The captured American pilots he interrogated so respected his humanity that after the end of hostilities they helped him immigrate to America, where he began a new life as an artist.

Wikipedia article on Scharff: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanns_Scharff

 


 

Interrogation: Word War II, Vietnam, And Iraq
James A. Stone, David P. Shoemaker, Nicolas R. Dotti

Interrogation World War II, Vietnam, and Iraq

A solid history of military interrogation covering three very consequential wars in American history.

 


 

Essentials of The Reid Technique: Criminal Interrogation and Confessions
Fred E. Inbau, John E. Reid, Joseph P. Buckley, Brian C. Jayne

Essential Of The Reid Technique

Although Controversial in Canada, when used appropriately, The Reid Technique can help elicit information from criminal suspects.

My personal experience as a military interrogator supports some of the Reid strategies: Detainees suspected of terrorism will often demand to see evidence of their criminality. In these situations, interrogators involved in a counter-terror mission can benefit from civil strategies like the Reid Technique. Presenting evidence convincingly, with appropriate pressure, while offering sympathy and a way out can be effective. However, it’s important to remember that in Military Intelligence Interrogation the goal is not to elicit a confession, to “break” someone, but to gain information that is useful for follow-on offensive or defensive operations. Whether or not a detainee ultimately “confesses” matters less than getting the detainee to talk freely and openly.

— Marcus

The Reid Technique Web Site

Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reid_technique

 


 

Advanced Interviewing Techniques: Proven Strategies for Law Enforcement, Military, and Security Personnel
Joe Navarro, John R. Schafer

Veteran FBI profiler and investigator Joe Navarro has written many books on profiling criminal personalities. Advanced Interviewing Techniques: Proven Strategies for Law Enforcement, Military, and Security Personnel is a useful and compelling textbook Navarro has co-authored. His other books are available on Amazon and are also recommended reading.

 


 

The Hidden Brain: How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives
Shankar Vedantam

The Hidden Brain

Vedantam’s book is an introduction to the psychology of biases. Understanding the hidden biases in our nature, and how they diversify among various cultures, can help an interrogator gain rapport with a suspected criminal.

 


 

What The Dog Saw
Malcolm Gladwell

Malcolm Gladwell’s essays discuss the underlying psychology of human behavior. Gladwell focuses on what makes certain human beings great achievers and leaders of others; he believes it is a talent for understanding people. His insights can be helpful for profilers tasked with understanding leaders and followers operating in a criminal organization.

 


 

How To Break A Terrorist
Tony Camerino

How To Break A Terrorist

Writing under the pseudonym Matthew Alexander, retired USAF LTC Camerino chronicled the expert and humane interrogators who helped hunt Abu Musab Al Zaqarwi in Iraq in 2006. The story is in his book written with John Bruning, How To Break A Terrorist. LTC Camerino has also advocated publicity against torture repeatedly in national media and in speaking engagements as the issue has come forward over the past ten years.

 


 

Books on History and Culture

When interrogating or interviewing a foreign national it’s important to understand how that person sees the world. Some books on history and cultural anthropology are helpful here:

Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History
Thomas Barfield

Afghanistan: A Cultural And Political History

This excellent book should be required reading for foreign nationals working in Afghanistan.

 


 

Simple Gestures: A Cultural Journey into the Middle East
Andrea Rugh

Simple Gestures

This book is a good starter resource for understanding Middle Eastern cultural perspectives.

 


 

Radical
Maajid Nawaz

Radical

What animates the mind of a militant jihadi? Security officials who find themselves in face-to-face interviews with Islamic extremists will greatly benefit from Maajid’s insights.

 


 

Cuba: Behind The Embargo
Jason R. Old

Cuba: Behind The Embargo

With the lifting of embargoes and normalization of relations, no doubt American officials will soon be facing a flood of interviews with Cuban dissidents and ex-military, government, and security personnel. This book will help such officials quickly develop rapport by introducing them to the everyday Cuban experience.

 


 

Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea
Barbara Demick

Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea

Here is a society that takes “total information awareness” to its logical, natural, and tragic conclusion: totalitarianism. When courageous defectors come our way, information about the ordinary lives of North Koreans becomes an invaluable asset for building trust.

 


 

A History of Nigeria
Toyin Falola, Matthew M. Heaton

A History of Nigeria

A militant, nihilistic jihadi movement — Boko Haram — now threatens to spoil the growth and development of one of West Africa’s wealthiest states. Preventing this kind of conflict is part of America’s regional strategic interest with AFRICOM; soldiers and officials tasked with duties in these areas would be smart to prepare themselves by reading this excellent book.

 


 

Inside The Third Reich
Albert Speer

Inside The Third Reich

Albert Speer was one of Adolf Hitler’s closest confidants; he has been called “The Nazi who said sorry.” His memoirs, titled Inside The Third Reich and written while he was in prison, provide valuable insight into the mind of an ambitious man who was willing, at the least, to look the other way while unimaginable atrocities happened around him.

 


 

Stay the Hand of Vengence
Gary Bass

Stay the Hand of Vengence

In an interview with radio host Diane Rehm, author Gary Bass noted that President FDR and Prime Minister Churchill wanted to castrate members of the Nazi leadership after hostilities ceased. The Soviets wanted at most a show trial followed by executions. A few brave European and American jurists, led by American Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson, begged to differ; they made history by creating the expeditious, fair tribunal process known as the Nuremberg Trials. These trials, in staying the hand of vengeance, not only held the murderous Reich officership to account for its crimes, but also permitted the victors and the defeated to move on from the tragedy of war with a sense of justice. Gary’s book is an excellent resource for those who want to understand this subject better.

 


 

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War
Robert Coram

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War

Aspiring professionals who want to learn how to “think different”, rather than reaching for biographies of business pioneers like Steve Jobs or Elon Musk, might consider reading Robert Coram’s intriguing life history of Air Force pilot John Boyd. Boyd was an intellectual maverick who created the highly influential military decision making process known as OODA (observe, orient, decide, act). At one point, Colonel Boyd taught himself calculus and hijacked computer time so he could prove a critical insight into performance evaluation — Boyd discovered that a fighter’s performance could be evaluated in terms of the sum of the potential and kinetic energies of the plane at a given time, and the pilot’s ability to change these energy states by maneuvering. The book chronicles this story and others, as well as Boyd’s quixotic efforts to reform America’s military industrial complex.

 


 

Prisoners of Geography: Ten Maps That Explain Everything About the World
Tim Marshall

Prisoners of Geography: Ten Maps That Explain Everything About the World

 

PRISONERS OF GEOGRAPHY by Tim Marshall | Kirkus Reviews

Is geography destiny? Perhaps not, but Manifest Destiny certainly had a geographical component-and so, writes former Sky News correspondent Marshall (“Dirty Northern B*st*rds!”: And Other Tales from the Terraces: The Story of Britain’s Football Chants, 2014, etc.), will a future world in which the United States may not be a superpower.